Fashionable collections of ceramic tiles 2023 – the main advantages and possibilities of use in the home interior.
Ceramic tiles are one of the most popular facing materials. It has been used in construction since ancient times! This material is always in fashion. Despite the fact that new products are constantly appearing on the building materials market, they cannot compete with classical ceramic tiles, since this facing material has excellent characteristics.
Advantages and Disadvantages of Ceramic Tiles 2023
The main advantage of ceramic tiles is their high level of durability. If the elements are laid correctly, their tensile strength under significant mechanical loads is about 15 times higher than the capabilities of reinforced concrete.
Modern ceramic tiles 2023 are very durable, resistant to external influences, abrasion. It does not bend, does not deform, does not break even when exposed to significant loads. The level of rigidity and wear resistance depends on the thickness of the product.
Ceramic tiles are resistant to fire, which is why they are often used for decorating fireplaces. The cladding material is environmentally friendly. When exposed to extremely high temperatures, it does not emit harmful components.
The tile is incapable of conducting electric current, it does not collapse when it comes into contact with chemicals, does not change its color when it comes into contact with direct sunlight.
Ceramic tiles 2023 are a hygienic facing material. Microorganisms cannot live on its surface for a long time. Thanks to all these features and decorative qualities, this facing material is in great demand. It is indispensable for finishing the surfaces of the living room, kitchen, bath, toilet, hallway.
The new 2023 ceramic tile collections are easy to clean. It is hygienic, water-resistant, therefore it is indispensable for rooms with temperature drops. The only drawback of such a cladding is that it does not conduct thermal energy very well. This means that under appropriate conditions it will cool down. In order not to feel discomfort, standing on the tile floor, it is recommended to equip the “Warm floor” system.
Classification of modern ceramic tiles
There are many beautiful types in modern 2023 ceramic tile collections. Some models are used to decorate walls and floors indoors, while others are used for wall cladding outside. There are many options for tiling pool tiles.
If you decide to clad the facade or a terrace attached to the house, then choose a facing tile that is frost-resistant. Note! If it absorbs a large amount of moisture, then it is not cold-resistant. When the moisture freezes, the tiles will simply crack.
To choose the right material, you need to thoroughly study the information that appears on the packaging of the ceramic product. The A I or B I code means that this ceramic is frost-resistant and can be safely used for facade finishing work. The A III or B III value indicates that a particular brand is used only for indoor cladding.
If you need to buy a tile for laying it inside the house, you need to immediately decide where exactly you will install it (for example, wall or floor cladding is planned). Floor tiles must be very resistant to mechanical stress and abrasion.
According to generally accepted standards, there are 5 types of ceramic tiles. They are designated from the abbreviation PEI-I to PEI-V. The first group includes products that are the most unstable to premature wear, and the fifth, respectively, the most resistant.
The division of tiles into groups is carried out after numerous studies to determine the level of abrasion. In addition to being durable and susceptible to abrasion, floor tiles should be easy to use (non-slip).
It so happens that a beautiful and fashionable 2023 tile with a glossy surface that creates a “rink effect” is laid on the floor. In this regard, the facing material intended for the floor, in any case, should be of high quality, slightly rough or smooth, but a glossy surface – not what you need in this case!
Floor products are thicker when compared to wall products. An important criterion for choosing a ceramic product is its appearance. The tiles should be aesthetically pleasing, even with correct angles and a symmetrical surface. If the ceramic is glazed, it is important that the coating is uniform, uniform (without streaks and light edges).
On a note! After you decide on the purpose of the product, be sure to find out what grade it belongs to. Look at the markings on the packaging.
Types of ceramic tiles 2023
The beautiful 2023 ceramic tiles used in the decoration of floors and walls have more than just a decorative function. Thanks to her, the surfaces acquire certain performance properties. Based on the types of finishes, there are several types of ceramic tiles.
Glazed ceramic tiles
To make a tile of this type, the workpiece is coated with a special mineral composition, then fired. Exposure to high temperatures causes the coating to melt and form a glass layer. It is of three types:
To obtain a particular shade of a tile, a pattern on it, the content of various minerals and pigments in the composition changes during production.
Glazing of ceramic tiles can be carried out after firing or after drying. It all depends on how many calcinations are provided by the production process. The glazed coating provides finished products with increased strength, resistance to moisture penetration, and dirt absorption.
Matt ceramic tiles
The matt surface on the tiles is obtained due to the lack of a glazing step. The blanks are simply pressed and fired. It is very easy to distinguish matte products due to the lack of glossy shine.
Among professional designers, matte porcelain stoneware tiles, produced using modern Italian technology, are especially appreciated. It differs from other products by the following characteristics:
- High safety margin;
- No sliding effect;
- Abrasion resistance;
- Ease of maintenance.
Thanks to the combination of these properties, the new 2023 matte tile collections are optimally suited for cladding both interior and exterior surfaces (vestibules, stairs). The low coefficient of water absorption allows it to be used in places with high humidity.
Polished ceramic tiles
The polished surface is a characteristic feature of porcelain stoneware tiles. Its face is smoothed by grinding with abrasive discs. Before grinding, the top layer formed after firing is cut off from the products. The final stage is polished porcelain stoneware.
The starting material for polished tiles is porcelain stoneware, which is called homogeneous, which is completely expanded to the entire thickness. To extend the service life of polished products, it is imperative to treat the seams between them with special mastic. This should be done immediately after installation.
Semi-polished ceramic tiles
Semi-polished tiles are also called lappated. The technology of its production resembles the manufacture of polished products. The only difference is the use of coarser abrasives to remove the top layer. As a result, differently polished areas are obtained on one tile:
- Perfectly smooth;
Semi-polished items have an attractive soft luster. Due to its high wear resistance and non-slip face, this tile is ideal for finishing places with high traffic (train stations, hospitals, public institutions).
Structured ceramic tiles
The tile, the face of which resembles various materials of natural origin, is called structured. In appearance, it may resemble the following textures:
- A natural stone;
- Foliage, etc.
The corrugated surface of the structured tiles reduces the sliding effect to zero. Therefore, it is often used in the decoration of swimming pools, baths, bathrooms. Other advantages of this type of tile include wear resistance, resistance to mechanical stress, long service life, reaching five decades.
Ceramic tiles 2023 – top trends, modern designs
Among the numerous finishing materials, the new collections of ceramic tiles 2023 stand out for their strength characteristics, high wear resistance and resistance to climatic and chemical influences. This material has many advantages, which makes it possible to use it for interior decoration in residential premises.
The unique advantages of the new collections of ceramic tiles 2023, which set fashion trends in design, are due to the peculiarities of the production technology. It is made by firing blanks from natural clay mixed with plasticizers, various fillers and mineral-based dyes. The result is a product with the correct geometry, perfectly flat edges. The accuracy of modern tile designs is so high that no additional processing is required during installation.
Ceramic products are environmentally friendly, as there are no potentially hazardous substances in their composition. The tile does not have an increased background radiation, does not decompose and does not interact with aggressive chemicals. This material is best suited for creating hygienic, hypoallergenic surfaces.
OF THE ADVANTAGES OF CERAMIC TILES 2023, THE FOLLOWING PROPERTIES CAN BE DISTINGUISHED:
- High strength characteristics, resistance to temperature extremes, does not need coloring, high color fastness;
- Hygiene and environmental friendliness, precise dimensions, the product is not subject to shrinkage and deformation, high frost resistance;
- Immunity to the effects of fungus, mold and insects, good dirt-repellency, convenient installation technology, a huge range, low maintenance requirements.
Using this material in your home interior, you can create practical surfaces that do not deteriorate at extremely low and high temperatures, do not absorb dirt and paint, and can be easily washed.
Features of laying tiles
The installation of modern ceramic tiles 2023 must be carried out using a specially selected adhesive. At the same time, the properties of the tile itself are taken into account – dimensions, density, moisture-absorbing properties, as well as the characteristics of the room and the surfaces to be faced.
So, for laying large-sized tiles, you should choose an adhesive with high elasticity, since it, due to its elasticity, prevents cracking of the cladding. When laying tiles in damp rooms, it is necessary to pre-treat the base surfaces with a waterproofing compound to prevent moisture absorption into the wall material.