Ceramic tiles are one of the most popular facing materials. It has been used in construction since ancient times! This material is always in fashion. Despite the fact that new products are constantly appearing on the building materials market, they cannot compete with classic ceramic tiles, since this facing material has excellent characteristics.
Advantages and disadvantages of ceramic tiles 2025
The main advantage of ceramic tiles is their high level of strength. If the elements are laid correctly, their tensile strength under significant mechanical loads is about 15 times greater than the capabilities of reinforced concrete.
Modern ceramic tiles 2025 are very durable, resistant to external influences, abrasion. It does not bend, does not undergo deformation, does not break even when exposed to significant loads. The level of rigidity and wear resistance depends on the thickness of the product.
Ceramic tiles are resistant to fire, so they are often used for finishing fireplaces. The facing material is environmentally friendly. When exposed to extremely high temperatures, it does not emit harmful components.
The tile is incapable of conducting electric current, it does not collapse when in contact with chemicals, does not change its color when in contact with direct sunlight.
Ceramic tile 2025 is a hygienic facing material. Microorganisms cannot live on its surface for a long time. Thanks to all these features and decorative qualities, this facing material is in great demand. It is indispensable for finishing the surfaces of the living room, kitchen, bathroom, toilet, hallway.
The new 2025 ceramic tile collections are easy to clean. It is hygienic, waterproof, so it is indispensable for rooms where there are temperature fluctuations. The only drawback of such a cladding is that it does not conduct heat energy very well. This means that under appropriate conditions, it will cool. In order not to feel discomfort while standing on a tile floor, it is recommended to equip the “Warm floor” system.
Classification of modern ceramic tiles 2025
There are many beautiful types in the modern collections of ceramic tiles2025. Some models are used to decorate walls and floors indoors, other types are used for wall cladding outside. There are many options for facing ceramics for swimming pools.
If you decide to clad the facade or the terrace attached to the house, then choose a facing tile that is frost-resistant. Note! If it absorbs a large amount of moisture, then it is not cold-resistant. When the moisture freezes, the tile will simply crack.
To choose the right material, you need to thoroughly study the information that appears on the packaging of the ceramic product. Code A I or B I means that this ceramic is resistant to frost and can be safely used for facade finishing work. The value of A III or B III indicates that a particular brand is used only for indoor cladding.
If you need to buy a tile for laying it inside the house, you must immediately decide where exactly you will mount it (for example, wall or floor cladding is planned). Tiles for laying on the floor must be very resistant to mechanical stress and abrasion.
According to generally accepted standards, there are 5 types of ceramic tiles. They are designated from the abbreviation PEI-I to PEI-V. The first group includes products that are the most unstable to premature wear, the fifth, respectively, the most stable.
The division of tiles into groups is carried out after numerous studies to determine the level of abrasion. In addition to being durable and susceptible to abrasion, floor tiles must be easy to use (non-slip).
It happens that a beautiful and fashionable 2025 tile with a glossy surface is laid on the floor, which creates a “skating rink effect”. In this regard, the facing material intended for the floor should in any case be of high quality, slightly rough or smooth, but a glossy surface is not what is needed in this case!
Floor products are thicker when compared with wall products. An important criterion for choosing a ceramic product is its appearance. The tile should be aesthetic, even with the right angles and a symmetrical surface. If the ceramics are glazed, it is important that the coating is homogeneous, uniform (without streaks and light edges).
On a note! After you decide on the purpose of the product, be sure to find out which grade it belongs to. Look at the label on the package.
Types of ceramic tiles 2025
Beautiful ceramic tiles 2025, used for floor and wall decoration, have not only a decorative function. Thanks to it, the surfaces acquire certain operational properties. Based on the types of finishes, there are several varieties of ceramic tiles.
Glazed ceramic tiles
To make a tile of this type, the workpiece is coated with a special mineral composition, then fired. Exposure to high temperature causes the coating to melt and form a glass layer. It is of three types:
To obtain one or another shade of a tile, a pattern on it, the content of various minerals and pigments in the composition changes during production.
Ceramic tiles can be glazed after firing or after drying. It all depends on how many firings are provided by the production process. Glazed coating provides finished products with increased strength, resistance to moisture penetration, dirt absorption.
Matt ceramic tiles
The matte surface on the tile is obtained due to the lack of a glazing step. The blanks are simply pressed and fired. It is very easy to distinguish matte products by the absence of a glossy sheen.
Among professional designers, matt porcelain tiles, produced using modern Italian technology, are especially appreciated. The following characteristics distinguish it from other products:
- High margin of safety;
- No sliding effect;
- Abrasion resistance;
- Ease of care.
Due to the combination of such properties, the new collections of matte tiles 2025 are optimally suited for facing both internal and external surfaces (vestibules, stairs). The low coefficient of water absorption allows it to be used in places with high humidity.
Polished ceramic tiles
The polished surface is a characteristic feature of porcelain stoneware tiles. Its front side becomes smooth by grinding with abrasive discs. Before polishing, the top layer formed after firing is cut off from the products. The final step is polishing porcelain stoneware.
The starting material for polished tiles is porcelain stoneware that has been completely cut through the entire thickness, which is called homogeneous. To prolong the service life of polished products, it is necessary to process the seams between them with a special mastic. This should be done immediately after installation.
Semi-polished ceramic tiles
A semi-polished type of tile is also called lapped. The technology of its production resembles the manufacture of polished products. The only difference is the use of larger abrasives to remove the top layer. As a result, on one tile, areas are obtained that are polished in different ways:
- Perfectly smooth;
Semi-polished products are characterized by an attractive soft sheen. Due to its high wear resistance and non-slip face, this tile is ideal for finishing high-traffic areas (train stations, hospitals, public institutions).
Structured ceramic tiles
The tile, the front side of which resembles various materials of natural origin, is called structured. In appearance, it may resemble the following textures:
- A natural stone;
- Leaves, etc.
The corrugated surface of the structured tile reduces the sliding effect to zero. Therefore, it often finds application in the decoration of swimming pools, baths, bathrooms. Other advantages of this type of tile include wear resistance, resistance to mechanical stress, long service life, reaching five decades.
Ceramic tiles 2025 – Top trends
Among the numerous finishing materials, the new collections of ceramic tiles 2025 stand out for their strength characteristics, high wear resistance and endurance to climatic and chemical influences. This material has a large number of advantages, which allows it to be used for interior decoration in residential premises.
The unique advantages of the new collections of ceramic tiles 2025, which set fashion trends in design, are due to the peculiarities of the production technology. It is made by firing blanks from natural clay mixed with plasticizers, various fillers and mineral-based dyes. The result is a product with the correct geometry, perfectly flat edges. The accuracy of the execution of modern tile samples is so high that additional processing is not required during its installation.
Ceramic products are environmentally friendly, as they do not contain potentially hazardous substances. The tile does not have an increased radiation background, does not decompose and does not interact with aggressive chemicals. This material is best suited for creating hygienic, hypoallergenic surfaces.
THE ADVANTAGES OF CERAMIC TILES 2025, THE FOLLOWING PROPERTIES CAN BE DISTINGUISHED:
- High strength characteristics, resistance to temperature changes, does not need to be stained, high color fastness;
- Hygiene and environmental friendliness, accurate dimensions, the product is not subject to shrinkage and deformation, high frost resistance;
- Immunity to the effects of fungus, mold and insects, good dirt repellency, convenient installation technology, a huge range, undemanding maintenance.
Using such material in a home interior, you can create practical surfaces that do not deteriorate at extremely low and high temperatures, do not absorb dirt and paint, and are easy to clean.
Features of laying tiles
Installation of modern ceramic tiles 2025 should be carried out using a specially selected adhesive. At the same time, the properties of the tile itself are taken into account – dimensions, density, moisture-absorbing properties, as well as the characteristics of the room and the surfaces to be faced.
So, for laying large-sized tiles, you should choose an adhesive with high elasticity, since it prevents cracking of the cladding due to its elasticity. When laying tiles in damp rooms, it is necessary to pre-treat the base surfaces with a waterproofing compound to prevent moisture absorption into the wall material.